Yes, till yesterday we had 28 and today it has become 29 divided regions in India. The new State, Telangana was finally given the green light by the Congress Working Committee.
A state that is being carved out with 41% of Andhra Pradesh’s population, but its contribution to state revenues is 76% of the total revenues.
Now, if you are wondering why is the hue and cry about Telangana then this is a must read.
- Telengana region opposed the move to unify with Andhra Pradesh as one state in 1950, under Government’s directive to create states based on language
- Telengana region did not want to form unified state even though all regions speak the same language.
- After the unification, first protests started to raise beginning in year 1952
- Since then, protests over separate state had been always there, with instances getting louder during 1969, 1972 and then 2000 on
- Major bone of contention in today’s time are
- Projects for irrigation did not largely benefit people in Telangana region
- Region generates larger revenue as compared to other regions, and feel they are being utilized for development of Andhra and Rayalaseema regions
- Politicians from Telangana region have not represented / are not supported for Chief Minister ship (only 10.5 years of the 50+ years since the state was formed)
- Only 20% of the total Government employees, less than 10% of employees in the secretariat, and less than 5% of department heads in the Andhra Pradesh government are from Telangana; those from other regions make up the bulk of employment.
- People needed higher say in state of affairs, have more developmental funds for themselves and funds to be used for development in Telangana region.
- Protests for the separate state sped up after death of former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Y. S. R. Reddy
- In the year 2009, Government of India announced process for formation of Telangana as a separate state
- The process stalled due to violent protests in Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions
- According to reports, an estimated 300 people died for the cause either for separate Telangana state or a single Andhra Pradesh state.
- Self-immolation by 16 people, averaging age of 23 (youngest aged 17), in protests for creation of Telangana as a separate state.